Nowadays, many people face diseases like pancreatitis. This is because we do not always buy high quality products in supermarkets and stores. In addition, the disease can overcome if you do not eat properly. For example, you eat chips, cookies and other unhealthy foods. If you have already encountered this disease in a mild way, in this article there is an approximate diet for pancreatitis.
Our pancreas produces pancreatic juice. It contains enzymes that are responsible for digestion. They are needed to break down carbohydrates, fats and proteins. If a person is healthy, these enzymes enter the duodenum and do their job. But it turns out that they start their activity in the pancreas. Because of this, it can become inflamed, which leads to pancreatic necrosis. Unfortunately, the function of the pancreas cannot be performed by any other organ. Therefore, it is very dangerous when a person has pancreatitis. There are two main types of pancreatitis: chronic and acute. Chronic patients experience pain after eating, swelling, nausea and abnormal stools. Pale, dry skin and flatulence are also noticed. In the acute course of the disease, very severe abdominal pain, vomiting, heart palpitations, weakness and loose stools occur. If you notice these symptoms in your loved ones or yourself, see a doctor urgently.
Causes of pancreatitis
The causes of pancreatitis may be different. Usually, this disease affects people who drink a lot, eat poorly, take many medications, in particular antibiotics, or have a hereditary predisposition. Also at risk are people with abdominal injuries, connective tissue diseases, gallbladder, duodenum, infectious diseases, vascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, liver cirrhosis, allergies and parasites. Most of the time, after acute pancreatitis it occurs chronic. It also affects people with conditions like atherosclerosis, liver disease, thyroid disease, hemochromatosis and ulcerative colitis.
The diet for pancreatic pancreatitis is mandatory. Because no treatment will be effective without it. Typically, patients start their diet on the fourth day. In the first four days, you can only drink water. A diet for pancreatitis in adults means that you need to eat up to six times a day. The patient must refuse all products that increase acid formation and force enzymes to work actively in advance. Of course, everyone wants to eat what is forbidden, but you should not be discouraged, because all you have are unbearable stomach pains. Even small portions of prohibited foods can trigger an attack. Then you have to go to the hospital and start all over again. With this diet, patients usually sit for a long time. A person with pancreatitis can eat steamed food. That is, you can eat cooked and steamed. In no case should you eat fried, smoked and grilled products. Do not add sunflower or butter while cooking. If you like to eat with butter, you can add it to the ready meals. The patient can drink a lot of unsweetened tea and mineral water. Never drink sparkling water. You can eat liquid porridge. These are general guidelines for patients with pancreatitis. But if the patient is sick with something else, then an individual diet for pancreatitis for a week is developed for him. For example, with diabetes mellitus, you cannot eat any sweets.
The main cause of pancreatic dysfunction in children is malnutrition. But if your child comes across this, a diet for pancreatic pancreatitis will also be helpful for them. It is very beneficial to eat more foods that contain protein. That's why you can eat fish and meat, even without accompaniment. After eating, it is useful to give the child drinks that improve the functioning of the pancreas: rosehip broth or jelly. Fish and meat should not be greasy, so you should not be eating lamb and pork. You can also eat eggs, cottage cheese and low-fat yogurts. Cottage cheese dishes will come in handy - several casseroles, soufflés and puddings. You can add vegetables or sweet fruits like pumpkin, apple, carrot and apricot to them. Fats should also be included in the diet, but in moderation. For example, you can add a little oil to your porridge. Make sure to give your child vegetable soup for lunch. It is very useful for digestive problems. Children with pancreatitis can use cereals: rice, oats, oats, buckwheat and semolina. Without sweets, of course, no child can. There are sweets that can be given for pancreatic dysfunction. For example: marshmallow, marshmallow, marmalade, milk chocolate candies, wafers without filling. But all of this can be eaten in moderation.
Diet number for pancreatitis
The disease requires a specific diet. If a person has a diseased pancreas, diet number 5 for pancreatitis is shown. All therapeutic diets were invented by a renowned physician. He marked them with numbers. For pancreatitis, it is considered the best diet 5, which promotes protein synthesis for the formation of the necessary enzymes. Of course, there are many prohibited foods that a sick person should not eat. But the list of foods you can eat is very long. So don't be upset if you are diagnosed with this disease. Depending on the person's condition, the number of the pancreatitis diet may vary.
Diet for acute pancreatitis
In the acute course of the disease, the best diet for pancreatic pancreatitis number 5. It will be prescribed for you on the 5th day of treatment. But there will be some more restrictions on your diet, because acute pancreatitis is more dangerous than chronic pancreatitis. The amount of salt should be very limited, you will need to eat foods that contain a lot of calcium.
Here is an example menu for a day:
- Breakfast: steamed omelet, buckwheat in water, tea.
- Second breakfast: soufflé and tea.
- Lunch: rice soup, steamed fish, jam.
- Afternoon snack: low-fat cottage cheese, rosehip drink.
- Dinner: lean cooked meat, carrots.
In the evening, you can have a drink of rosehip with breadcrumbs. The diet for pancreatitis for a week can be varied, and the food is very tasty.
Diet for chronic pancreatitis
If you have been diagnosed with chronic pancreatitis, you should always compose your menu carefully. Diet 5 for pancreatitis is very important for your health. Many people panic because now they will not be able to eat almost all products. But this is not the case. Many foods are allowed for pancreatic dysfunction. In the chronic course of the disease, it is better to eat hot food and not to overeat. Try to eat by the hour. Then your body will be ready for a new meal. Eat as little fats and carbohydrates as possible. Any new product, even the one allowed by the diet, should be introduced with caution. If you feel bad after that, immediately delete it from the menu. Drink plenty of still mineral water. In addition, it improves the functioning of the entire digestive system and relieves inflammation.
A sample menu for a pancreatitis patient's day consists of six meals:
- Breakfast: cooked meat, oats with milk and tea.
- Second breakfast: scrambled eggs and rosehip drink.
- Lunch: vegetable soup, boiled potatoes and meat, jam.
- Afternoon snack: cottage cheese and tea.
- Dinner: carrot puree, boiled fish and tea.
Before going to bed, you can have a glass of kefir.
What is reactive pancreatitis
Reactive pancreatitis occurs due to several factors. At risk are those with duodenitis, gastritis, biliary dyskinesia and chronic cholecystitis. Typically, patients experience acute abdominal pain from above, a feeling of heaviness left under the rib and nausea. Sometimes the pain is so severe that the person loses consciousness. Twelve hours later, the temperature can rise to 39 degrees. With this photo, you need to call an ambulance urgently. Most patients who have suffered from reactive pancreatitis, the chronic course of the disease begins, they receive a special diet.
Reactive diet for pancreatitis
With such an acute course of the disease, you will probably have to fast for several days. The reactive pancreatitis diet mainly excludes the foods that caused the disease. Also, try not to do difficult physical work and be less nervous. Distribute calories evenly at every meal, without overeating. Eat a little every four hours. Boiled or steamed foods are best for the patient. Do not eat fatty foods, they can trigger a second attack. It is advisable to follow this diet for 8 months, because the disease is serious.
Prohibited foods for pancreatitis
The diet for pancreatic pancreatitis, as we wrote above, is not so scary. You just need to eat right and not eat prohibited foods. In this article, we provide a list of foods that are strictly prohibited from eating.
Do not eat: fresh rye bread, puff pastry, baked goods, mushrooms, fish or meat broths, vegetable broths, corn broths, milk soup, borscht, okroshka, beetroot soup, cabbage soup, stewor fried meat, fatty fish, meat, sausage, canned food, boiled or fried fish, caviar, condensed milk, fatty dairy products, scrambled eggs and boiled eggs, corn, barley or barley porridge, vegetables, eggplant, turnip, sorrel, garlic, onion, radish, mushrooms, peppers, cabbage, unprocessed fruits and berries, figs, dates, grapes, bananas, jams, ice cream, chocolate.
Do not drink: cocoa, coffee, grape juice, soft drinks and soft drinks. The list, of course, looks long and it looks like you're going to have to starve to death. But this is not the case. There are many other delicious foods that you can prepare without breaking your diet.
Recipes for pancreatitis
No one would ever think that a 5P diet can be delicious for pancreatitis. The recipes are varied and uncomplicated to delight anyone with pancreatic dysfunction. Here is one of them. Gourmets can try pink salmon fillet with vegetables and shrimp. To do this, you need to peel beets, pumpkins, carrots and potatoes. Then remove the tails from the zucchini. If you have a spoon for cutting balls, use it to cut mugs of vegetables. It is advisable to do this from the last beet. Steam all the balls. Wash the beet ball so that the other vegetables do not stain. Pour the oil into a frying pan and add the fish pieces. Crush the garlic heads a little with the skin and pass the oil. Also add thyme. Turn on the medium heat. When the juice comes out of the fish, put the vegetables in the pan and cook for 17 minutes. Add the shrimp and cook for another 2 minutes. Then remove from heat and pepper. For those with acute pancreatitis, it is best to boil the fish first and then sauté it with vegetables for a few minutes. If your stomach cannot take any ingredients, simply eliminate it. As we can see, the 5P diet is not so bad for pancreatitis. The recipes are very interesting.
Sweet recipes for pancreatitis
If you love sweets, don't refuse to have that pleasure. You can make a delicious cottage cheese and fruit dessert.
Ingredients: low fat cottage cheese - 250 grams, green apples - 2 pcs. , pear - 1 pcs. , a gelatin bag - 1 pcs. , skimmed milk - 100 ml.
Peel the pears and apples, boil or bake, grind in a blender. Mix the cottage cheese with the sugar and vanilla sugar and mash in a blender. Dissolve a bag of gelatin in warm milk, heat without boiling. Combine gelatin and fruit puree with the curd dough and refrigerate for 2-3 hours. This is such a delicious diet 5 for pancreatitis. The recipes may be different, but the dishes prepared according to them will certainly delight you and your loved ones.